Located on the Alabama River, Montgomery is the capital of the U.S. state of Alabama and the Montgomery County seat. It was, also, the first capital
of the Confederate States of America (selected in February of 1861). However, its history as a Confederate capital was short-lived, since the capital moved to Richmond, VA in May of the same year. Montgomery played one of the key roles in the Civil Rights Movement and is considered one of its birthplaces. It is a location of some of the Movement's key events, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Selma to Montgomery marches. To honor those who lost lives, the city has erected the Civil Rights Memorial
, which is now a tourist and educational attraction.